On International Human Rights Day A look at some Universal Declaration of Human Rights

 Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The origin

The concept of human rights is said to have originated some 2.500 years ago in modern-day Iraq


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the most translated document in the world, available in 370 languages

Access to Internet

United Nations declared internet as a basic human right in 2011


More than 4.6 Billion people are connected to the internet worldwide as of October 2020

Right to marry

Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family.


Currently, 29 nations have legalised same-sex marriages

Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits

Since 1976, death penalty has been abolished for all crimes in 106 countries

Note: International law says that the use of the death penalty must be restricted to the most serious crimes

Right to education

Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages

Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children

According to a report by UNESCO, 258 Million children, adolescents and youth are out of school

Right to equal pay for equal work

Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.


Globally, the gender pay gap has been converging constantly and currently stands at 23%, compared to around 40% in 1960s

At current rates, this wage gap will be closed in next 70 years

Family planning & Birth control

In 2012, the UN declared birth control and access to contraception a basic human right


In the 1968 International Conference on Human Rights, family planning became a human rights obligation of every country, government and policymaker

Right to rest and leisure

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay


The first treaty adopted by the ILO in 1919 applied an eight-hour day and 48-hour week to industry


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